Current projects

Here I have some information of ongoing projects.

Top-down controls from Arctic terrestrial herbivores on aquatic biogeochemistry

Collaborators: Ryan Sponseller, Johan Olofsson, Matthias Siewert (Umeå University), Karin Nilsson (Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences)

Here we have been exploring how major Arctic terrestrial hervivores (reindeers, rodents, moths) have the capacity to propagate biogeochemical effects from land to recipient aquatic systems. We are focused on two aspects: one is how the fine-scale landscape use of herbivores overlaps with hydrological connectivity in the Arctic. For example, rodents such as lemmings and voles have a winter activity pattern characterized by making nests in snowbeds, which provide large insulation. The second aspect is to combine monitoring data, large-scale herbivore exclosures, and remote sensing tools to detect biogeochemical signals in aquatic systems that can be related to herbivory in terrestrial ecosystems. For example, rodent and moth outbreaks have a profound impact in terrestrial ecosystems by supressing primary productivity and generating litter, and we are able to detect this signal in the recipient streams and lakes.

Timeline 2020 – 2023

Example of two adjacent streams in northern Norway, separated by a large-scale fence that causes high grazing intensity by reindeers in one of the sides

A reaction-transport model for Carbon processing in stream networks across land productivity gradients

Collaborators: Susana Bernal (CEAB-CSIC, Spain), Hjalmar Laudon (SLU, Sweden)

In this project we are developing a whole-stream network transport-reaction model for carbon, that captures the inputs, transport and processing of carbon within the stream networks. The project has currently two parts, first one is to use the model to explore how multiple physical, chemical and biological processes affect the temporal patterns and coupling of O2 and CO2 in rivers. The second part consists in applying the model in space, in two fully forested catchments but with very dramatic differences in climate and in sources of organic carbon (Regàs in Spain is dominated by litter fall, Krycklan in Sweden is dominated by dissolved organic Carbon).

This project is funded by a mobility grant from the Swedish Research Council, where I have the opportunity to do a research stay in the Blanes Centre of Advanced Research (CSIC, Spain).

Timeline 2022 – 2025

Conceptual represention of the model we are working on, an a picture by Emma Lannergård during the sampling in 2023

Archive of some past projects

River methane emissions

Collaborators: Emily Stanley (University of Wisconsin-Madison), Ryan Sponseller (Umeå University), Luke Loken (USGS), Nora Casson (University of Winnipeg), Samantha Oliver (USGS), Peter Raymond (Yale University), Shaoda Liu (Peking Normal University), Giuseppe Amatulli (Yale University)

In this project, led by E. Stanley, we have been compiling a large database of river methane concentrations and fluxes, published in Earth System Science Data.

We are also been exploring how this database can be used to answer questions on methane processes in river ecosystems. The result is a global assessment of river methane emissions, out in Nature.

Timeline: 2020 – 2023